Knee Ligament Sprain
There are four major ligaments in the knee that connect the femur (thighbone) to the tibia (shin bone). They include the following:
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
- Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
- Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
These ligaments give stability to the knee and help control forward, backward and rotational movements of the knee.
Physical therapy treatment includes:
- Manual therapy and exercises to improve knee range of motion
- Continuous passive motion in the immediate postoperative period to decrease pain after ACL reconstruction
- Exercises to increase knee strength and hip muscles
- Neuromuscular re-education to improve your knee control/coordination and neighboring joints (such as the hip)
- Progressive weight bearing exercises
- Graded return to activity (such as running)
- Dry needling to decrease muscle tension
- Modalities to reduce pain
- Treatments to decrease swelling
For patients who are athletes or participate in recreational fitness, sport-specific training will assure your safe return to the desired activity.
- Logerstedt, David S. et al. “Knee Stability and Movement Coordination Impairments: Knee Ligament Sprain Revision 2017.” Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, Vol. 47, No. 11, 2017, pp. A1-A47. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT), https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2017.0303.
Physical Therapy Treatment for ACL Injury or Tear
The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is located in the middle of the knee and connects the thigh bone (Femur) to the shin bone (Tibia) and helps provide stability to the knee joint. Injury to the ACL can result in pain and instability in the knee.
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