What is Tennis Elbow and How Do We Treat it?
Tennis elbow, also known as lateral elbow tendinopathy or lateral epicondylitis, refers to a painful condition that occurs when the tendons attaching to the outside of the elbow get overloaded through repetitive activity involving the elbow and wrist. This condition affects 1-3% of people each year, and is common among athletes, those with manual labor jobs and people over age 40.
Physical therapy treatment for tennis elbow includes:
- Education regarding short-term activity modification to avoid aggravating symptoms
- Modalities including dry needling or taping to decrease pain
- Manual therapy to improve joint movement and decrease muscle tightness
- Progressive shoulder, elbow and wrist exercise to improve coordination and strengthen muscles and tendons
Physical therapy is recommended as a first-line treatment for tennis elbow. With specialized assessment and treatment of unique symptoms, physical therapy aims to facilitate a faster decrease in pain and return to normal function.
- Coombes, B. K., Bisset, L., & Vicenzino, B. (2015). Management of lateral elbow tendinopathy: one size does not fit all. journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy, 45(11), 938-949. doi:10.2519/jospt.2015.5841
- Day, J. M., Lucado, A. M., & Uhl, T. L. (2019). A comprehensive rehabilitation program for treating lateral elbow tendinopathy. International journal of sports physical therapy, 14(5), 818.
- Karanasios, S., Korakakis, V., Whiteley, R., Vasilogeorgis, I., Woodbridge, S., & Gioftsos, G. (2021). Exercise interventions in lateral elbow tendinopathy have better outcomes than passive interventions, but the effects are small: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 2123 subjects in 30 trials. British journal of sports medicine, 55(9), 477-485.
Physical Therapy Treatment for Cervicogenic Dizziness
Cervicogenic dizziness is dizziness related to problems in the neck. Some people experience dizziness that may be related to problems arising from the cervical spine or neck.
Physical Therapy for Vestibular Disorders (Dizziness and Imbalance)
Approximately 35% of adults over age 40 in the United States have experienced dizziness and/or imbalance due to some type of vestibular disorder; that’s approximately 69 million Americans!
Physical Therapy Treatment for Concussions
Concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that occurs when the brain is violently shaken during rapid movement changes or when the head is directly hit. This creates changes in the brain’s chemistry and function.